What is Onboarding, when does it start and which measures are recommended?
The admission and integration of new employees
How do you feel when you arrive for your first day of work in your new company and the new supervisor is surprised that you are starting today, no workstation has been set up yet and no working materials are available? Obviously, something has not gone well with onboarding. Onboarding is the process of taking on and integrating new employees into a company. In the narrow and more conventional sense it is the responsibility of the personnel management or the personnel department to accompany the process and all measures of the integration of new employees, e.g. to assign them to the workplace, to procure necessary working materials and to formulate first tasks in coordination with the superiors.
In a somewhat broader and more progressive sense, onboarding is the task of the entire company, and thus also of managers and colleagues, to support and promote the integration of new employees. In addition, it is a process that is also becoming increasingly important in areas such as project management or software development, as more and more people are working with external service providers who also need to be “on board”.
Types of onboarding
Four different types of onboarding can be distinguished:
- Formal onboarding addresses organisational aspects, e.g. workstation equipment, access authorisations, mail access, business cards etc.
- Specialist onboarding includes the induction of new employees, the provision of information about the organisation, workflows, rules or meetings, as well as the acquisition of specialist knowledge.
- Social onboarding focuses on contacts with colleagues, superiors, customers and the exchange with these contacts.
- Cultural onboarding is about visions, values and principles of the organisation. Although it is advisable to communicate values and principles at an early stage, cultural onboarding is often a medium-term process, as there is a continuous comparison of communicated and lived values.
Conventional and progressive onboarding
In addition to the types mentioned, onboarding can also be divided into conventional and progressive aspects:
If onboarding is viewed progressively, the human factor moves more into focus and shifts the focus from fulfilling a task to working together as a team and between people. In this way, the loyalty of new employees to the company and their integration are promoted from the outset.
In the conventional sense, onboarding begins with the first working day of the new employee and usually ends with the expiry of an agreed trial period. In the progressive sense, onboarding can already be part of the application process. Organisations can
- show new employees the concrete workplace,
- organise meetings with the already active colleagues (and possibly also involve them in the selection process),
- name common working materials and, if necessary, even offer the selection of optional devices and programs.
Such an approach offers a number of advantages:
- Applicants know at an early stage where they will be working with whom and with what tools, and can use this information to make an informed decision.
- Colleagues know who to look forward to and who to work with in the future.
- And the company encourages the admission and integration of new employees at an early stage.
Another difference between conventional and progressive onboarding lies in the form of the employment relationship. Are we dealing with new permanent employees or temporary, external service providers such as project managers, software architects or software developers? In the case of a temporary collaboration, onboarding must take place much more quickly; fortunately, many service providers are familiar with the situation of quickly finding their way in a new working environment. This means that they know what to look out for and which tools, information and contacts are essential for their work.
There are a number of measures that are relatively common in onboarding:
- A bouquet of flowers, a small message at the new workplace, a greeting by the superior, the colleagues and possibly also the management gives new employees the feeling of being welcome.
- The introduction of the colleagues with their tasks, the explanation of important procedures in the first days and the naming of contact persons make it easier to get to know each other and to get to know the company.
- The joint arrangement of an induction plan and the subsequent communication within the team about it. In this way, all those involved know at an early stage where they stand and what they can expect. In the course of the induction plan, for example, training and further education measures or regular feedback rounds can be agreed upon.
- The provision of the necessary work equipment. This point sounds very simple in theory and is very difficult for many organisations in practice. It is not enough to provide a laptop if it cannot dial into the network when programs and access rights are missing. It is not enough if the telephone set has not been activated with the correct setting in the telephone systems. Missing business cards or business cards with a misspelled names or job title are also not ideal. And what about a company badge, access rights or keys?
Some companies have had good experiences with a Buddy system. A buddy is a colleague who looks after a new employee, answers questions, establishes contacts with other colleagues and helps to master initial challenges.
Again and again, it is recommended to explain the company’s values. Apart from the fact that these should already be discussed when getting to know each other, it is not enough to name values. Values must be exemplified, only then do they provide orientation and help with onboarding. This thought leads to another point:
Authenticity in onboarding
Most companies want new employees to be able to perform the tasks for which they were hired as quickly as possible. New employees want to understand the company and its culture, find their way as quickly as possible in a new environment with new colleagues and processes, and know what is expected of them. For this to succeed in the long term, it is important to understand onboarding as a process. The process does not end on the first day of cooperation, but begins there at the latest. A joint exchange and the further development of the measures help to continuously improve onboarding. Authenticity is important here, because empty promises made via a website or in an interview are quickly noticed and do not contribute to the successful integration of new employees.
The opposite of onboarding is offboarding. In the context of external services, offboarding is relatively common and mostly structurally regulated, but in the context of staff turnover it can become a challenge for companies. An assessment about turnover of stuff can be found in the blog post here »