A.M. Turing Award

What is the A.M. Turing Award, who were the winners and what statistics result from this?

The highest award in computer science

The A.M. Turing Award is the highest award in computer science. Since 1966, it has been awarded once a year to individuals whose work has outstanding significance for computer science. The award, which today is sponsored by Google and endowed with 1 million US dollars, is presented by the Association for Computer Machinery (ACM). It was founded in 1947 as a scientific society for computer science with the aim of promoting the science and application of information technology. According to its own information, the ACM is active in more than 100 countries with approx. 78,000 members. The German section is the German Chapter of the ACM, which celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2018.

Alan Mathison Turing

The award is named after Alan Mathison Turing, a British mathematician, computer scientist and cryptanalyst. He described an essential part of the theoretical foundations of information and computer technology and is regarded as one of the most influential theorists of early computer development. The Turing machine he developed is a cornerstone of Theoretical Computer Science. During the Second World War, he was instrumental in deciphering the Enigma used by the German army to encrypt its radio messages. In 1952, Alan Turing was sentenced to hormone treatment for his homosexuality, which was a criminal offence at the time. From then on he suffered from depression and took his own life in 1954.

“Sometimes it is the people no one can imagine anything of who do the things no one can imagine” is a well-known quote from A.M. Turing.

List of Turing Award Winners

The Turing Award has been presented 53 times since 1966. 70 persons were awarded, 39 times individual persons were honoured as prize winners, 11 times the prize was awarded simultaneously to 2 persons and 3 times to three persons. First prize winner was Alan Jay Perlis, an American computer scientist, who contributed significantly to the fact that computer science was taught as an independent subject at American universities. The youngest winner was only 36 years old: In 1974 Donald Knuth convinced the jury with “Computer Programming as an Art”. And in 2006, Frances Elisabeth Allen was the first woman to win the Turing Award for her work on the theory and practice of compiler optimisation.

And the Turing Award goes to …


2018Yoshua BengiomaleCanada
2018Geoffrey HintonmaleCanada
2018Yann LeCunmaleFrance
2017John Leroy HennessymaleUSA
2017David Andrew PattersonmaleUSA
2016Tim Berners-LeemaleUK
2015Bailey Whitfield DiffiemaleUSA
2015Martin Edward HellmanmaleUSA
2014Michael Ralph StonebrakermaleUSA
2013Leslie LamportmaleUSA
2012Shafi GoldwasserfemaleUSA
2012Silvio MicalimaleItaly
2011Judea PearlmaleUSA
2010Leslie Gabriel ValiantmaleUK
2009Charles P. ThackermaleUSA
2008Barbara LiskovfemaleUSA
2007Joseph SifakismaleFrance
2007Ernest Allen EmersonmaleUSA
2007Edmund Melson ClarkemaleUSA
2006Frances E. AllenfemaleUSA
2005Peter NaurmaleDenmark
2004Robert E. KahnmaleUSA
2004Vinton Gray CerfmaleUSA
2003Alan Curtis KaymaleUSA
2002Ronald Linn RivestmaleUSA
2002Leonard M. AdlemanmaleUSA
2002Adi ShamirmaleIsrael
2001Kristen NygaardmaleNorway
2001Ole-Johan DahlmaleNorway
2000Andrew Chi-Chih YaomaleChina
1999Frederick P. BrooksmaleUSA
1998James Nicholas GraymaleUSA
1997Douglas C. EngelbartmaleUSA
1996Amir PnuelimaleIsrael
1995Manuel BlummaleVenezuela
1994Raj ReddymaleIndia
1994Edward Albert FeigenbaummaleUSA
1993Richard Edwin StearnsmaleUSA
1993Juris HartmanismaleUSA
1992Butler W. LampsonmaleUSA
1991Robin MilnermaleUK
1990Fernando José CorbatómaleUSA
1989William Morton KahanmaleCanada
1988Ivan Edward SutherlandmaleUSA
1987John CockemaleUSA
1986John E. HopcroftmaleUSA
1986Robert Endre TarjanmaleUSA
1985Richard M. KarpmaleUSA
1984Niklaus WirthmaleSwitzerland
1983Dennis MacAlistair RitchiemaleUSA
1983Kenneth Lane ThompsonmaleUSA
1982Stephen Arthur CookmaleUSA
1981Edgar F. CoddmaleUK
1980Charles Antony Richard HoaremaleUK
1979Kenneth E. IversonmaleCanada
1978Robert W. FloydmaleUSA
1977John Warner BackusmaleUSA
1976Michael Oser RabinmaleIsrael
1976Dana Stewart ScottmaleUSA
1975Allen NewellmaleUSA
1975Herbert Alexander SimonmaleUSA
1974Donald Ervin KnuthmaleUSA
1973Charles W. BachmanmaleUSA
1972Edsger Wybe DijkstramaleNetherlands
1971John McCarthymaleUSA
1970James Hardy WilkinsonmaleUK
1969Marvin Lee MinskymaleUSA
1968Richard Wesley HammingmaleUSA
1967Maurice Vincent WilkesmaleUK
1966Alan Jay PerlismaleUSA


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Some statistical evaluations

  • USA – 45 Winners 64,29% 64,29%
  • UK – 7 Winners 10,00% 10,00%
  • Canada – 4 Winners 5,71% 5,71%
  • Israel – 3 Winners 4,29% 4,29%
  • France – 2 Winners 2,86% 2,86%
  • Norway – 2 Winners 2,86% 2,86%
  • China – 1 Winner 1,43% 1,43%
  • Denmark – 1 Winner 1,43% 1,43%
  • Netherlands – 1 Winner 1,43% 1,43%
  • Switzerland – 1 Winner 1,43% 1,43%
  • Venezuela – 1 Winner 1,43% 1,43%






Youngest winner

Oldest Winner

Average age


Further information on the Turing Award can be found here  »
The Bank of England would like to honour Alan Turing and will launch a new 50 pound note with the image of the computer pioneer at the end of 2021. Information can be found Sie here  »