Three Worlds Model of Personality
What is the Three World Model of Personality and what are the advantages?
The conflict of roles at work
The Three World Model of Personality was developed by the psychologist Bernd Schmid. It extends the common understanding of role conflicts of a person who often has to decide between work and private life, e.g. questions about overtime versus time for the family. The Three World-Model of Personality defines a further category by dividing the professional role into the professional world and the organisational world. According to the model, every working person thus assumes three roles as a personality:
- Private world
- Professional world – this is where professional tasks such as Scrum Master, Product Owner or Requirements Analyst are based.
- Organizational world – hierarchical functions such as project manager, team leader, sales manager, etc. are prescribed here.
The Three World Model of Personality (or “3-world-model” for short) helps to better understand possible conflicts by dividing the professional world into two more detailed categories. Conflicts in the professional world often arise when there is an overlap between the professional and the organizational world, for example when a developer successfully masters his task (professional world), but does not observe conventions agreed upon in the course of a Scrum of Scrums (organizational world).
The Three World Model of Personality addresses the conscious confrontation with roles, role expectations and the corresponding communication about them. Since it is easy to understand, it is regarded as a pragmatic personality model that concretely promotes cooperation in organisations.